Floods are the most common and widespread of all natural hazards. Some develop over a period of days, while flash floods can result in just a few minutes. Flash floods carry a deadly cargo of rocks, mud, and other debris. In the city of Elgin, flooding has occurred over the years, especially near the Fox River and low-lying areas. The river height is routinely monitored and over the years, we have experienced bank erosion and flooding of properties along the river. If you live in a low-lying area, be aware of flood hazards. Since every region of the state is at risk from flooding, it is important to understand the terms associated with flooding.
- Flood Watch – Meteorological conditions that make flooding likely. Stay tuned to radio or television reports.
- Flood Warning – Flooding is occurring or will occur soon; seek higher ground.
- Flash Flood Watch – Meteorological conditions that make flash flooding likely without any warning.
- Flash Flood Warning – A flash flood is occurring; seek higher ground on foot immediately.
- Urban and Small Stream Advisory – Flooding of small streams, streets and low-lying areas is occurring.